This all began with Henry VIII when he divorced Catherine of Aragon and married Anne Boleyn. His desire was to be reconciled with the Catholic church and the pope, but with the pressure from Parliament he finally capitulated and formed the Church of England. Now, by forcing his subjects to sign their allegiance not only politically but spiritual, he had greatly complicated the Reformation throughout England. In Scriptural Perspicuity in the Early English Reformation in Historical Theology by Richard M. Edwards, he points out that A. F. Pollard emphasizes "the role of the national monarchy intertwining with the theological developments of the English Reformation.." (126). Pollard goes on to argue that the effect of the sanction of ruling bodies did not only aid the religious reformations, but in some ways shaped them. For example, the Church of England is akin to a parliamentary monarchy, the Lutheran territorial because of German politics, the Calvinists republican like the Swiss republic.
Politics and religion never really squared away, even at the end of the Reformation period. Because Edward was a Protestant, then Mary was Catholic, and Elizabeth was moderately Protestant, the rapidly changing political sanctioning of religion led many to either attempt to disassociate their religion from politics completely, leading to the religious freedom sought by the Pilgrims and their ilk, or a retreat from religion in general that can be seen even today. After all, if you are risking your life at the stake for a religion that you are not wholly invested in, why even invest at all?
King and queens came and went, and along with them their religious preferences. With all of this turmoil, it is easy to see how the will of the people may become cynical in regards to religion as well as monarchy. Now the Catholicism is dead, Long live Protestantism (or the opposite) became the cry of the Reformation in England.
Edwards, Richard M. Scriptural Perspicuity in the Early English Reformation in Historical Theology Google Books. 2009. Web. 9/16/2015